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Closing 2021: Poverty in Mexico



Until today the count of approximately 2471 municipalities is made at the federal level in the country of Mexico; and, it is the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL) who, as a Mexican government entity, is in charge of collecting and generating information that allows improving decision-making on poverty in Mexico, as a social political situation.

Recently, in the results that it shared on all its platforms, as well as in a statement, poverty was made known in the country’s municipalities through three temporary cuts: 2010, 2015 and 2020. These last ten years have demonstrated the magnitude of the presence of this situation in our country; Mexico’s development course is also shown in these statistics, because of the 2,466 municipalities for which CONEVAL has data, only 60 have percentages of the population in poverty below 20%.

To all this, which are the poorest municipalities? The fifteen municipalities with the highest percentage of poor population are located in Oaxaca with 8 municipalities, in Chiapas with 6 municipalities and finally, Guerrero with 1 municipality It should be mentioned that the group of municipalities with the highest percentage shares some characteristics, for example:

  • All are located in highlands of southern Mexico.
  • Its population is between 312 and 47,837 inhabitants.
  • Of the 15 municipalities, 14 of these primarily work with primary sector activities.

There are three main conclusions that Giselle Arellano highlights within a superficial analysis of the data provided by CONEVAL: 1) 10 years ago, the results of the poorest municipalities were, in short, very similar; 2) the inequality of opportunities and the territorial gaps of the states affect each other and; 3) poverty in the most populated municipalities is constantly spreading.

These preliminary conclusions allow us to argue, from the conscious importance in which the course of social development lies; that this should be modified. The political actions of federal, regional and municipal development that have been carried out so far are not regularized, they do not have the execution or the expected effectiveness, based on the few changes in results in a decade.

From this perspective, Giselle Arellano finds the following consistent: greater inequality, greater poverty and greater violence. Having stable municipalities is one of the necessary conditions to regain social peace in the country; especially in areas that are directly related to the social future of the country. It is necessary to observe that, within these data, the reality that each municipality experiences is unleashed in each region until a long course of the way in which the current administrations carry out their exercise. The objective of this material is to encourage different results and methods that lead the municipalities of Mexico towards the formation of renewed government, administrative and management capacities for the comprehensive guarantee of human rights.