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What Are Steroids and Are They Legal?



Steroids can be defined as a kind of natural or synthetic chemical compounds that can be produced naturally in the body as well as artificially in the laboratories.

Steroids help the cells, tissues, and organs to function properly and they are also used to treat various medical conditions. The two primary sorts of steroids are corticosteroids and anabolic-androgenic steroids which is also called anabolic steroids.

What Exactly Are Legal Steroids?

To decide which steroids are legal is a tricky one. The term legal steroids is a catch-all for muscle-gaining supplements that are not considered illegal. Legal steroids are also called Multi Ingredient Pre-Exercise Supplements (MIPS) and Over-The-Counter (OTC) health supplements.

These health supplements are intended to help with weight-lifting, developing muscles, and improve performance and stamina of athletes. Anabolic-androgenic steroids are engineered (artificial) renditions of the male sex hormone testosterone.

Medical practitioners prescribe these hormone enhancing steroids to individuals who have muscle atrophy or problems in producing enough testosterone. However, numerous reports and cases have come to light where athletes and bodybuilders have been found to use these steroids unlawfully to boost performance or grow muscles.

Different Types of Steroids

There are two sorts of steroids present inside the body. The adrenal organ situated over the kidney in our body produces corticosteroids. These hormones comprise of aldosterone, which plays a vital role in controlling the concentration of sodium in the body, and cortisol, which acts as the body’s stress reaction framework to reduce inflammation.

Corticosteroids are prescribed by medical practitioners to treat illnesses like asthma, bowel ailment, rheumatoid joint inflammation, and a number of ailments.

Anabolic or anabolic-androgenic steroids are produced artificially that copies characteristics of the male hormone testosterone in its capacity to build muscle tissue and in the development of the features of male secondary sex. Different types of medical conditions such as hypogonadism, osteoporosis, malnutrition, anemia, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), and breast cancer.

What Are Corticosteroids?

Corticosteroids are used as medicines that help combat inflammation in our body. These steroids are made in laboratories and perform just like the cortisol hormone that is produced inside our body. Cortisol or corticosteroids like the drug prednisone prevent our immune system from producing inflammation-causing substances.

What Do Corticosteroids Treat?

Corticosteroids medically help treat conditions that cause swelling and irritation. They also help ease side effects of asthma, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid inflammation of joints, skin conditions like dermatitis, short-term treatment of allergic reactions like poison ivy rash, lupus vulgaris or lupus erythematosus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD).

Long-Term Effects Of Corticosteroids

Regular intake of high doses of corticosteroids for quite a while can cause severe symptoms like osteoporosis, impedes the development in children, and also cause adrenal deficiency which is a deadly condition where the body’s stress reaction capacity stops it can no longer respond to illnesses or surgical procedures.

Other long-term effects of taking corticosteroids include eye problems like cataract, loss of muscle strength, and also a higher possibility of suffering from diabetes.

What Are Anabolic Steroids?

The anabolic or androgenic steroids are artificially composed to mimic the characteristics of testosterone hormone that is produced in the testicles and ovaries.

The androgenic compound of the testosterone hormone is associated with building up the male sex attributes, while the anabolic part is engaged with expanding the volume of body tissue by accelerating protein generation. The pituitary organ, situated at the base of the cerebrum, manages testosterone generation and hormone discharge.

Medical practitioners might advise the use of anabolic and androgenic steroids as prescription drugs for individuals whose body is not capable of producing enough hormone which is why they might need hormone supplements.

The anabolic steroids are recommended by medicinal services providers as legal prescription drugs, yet this type of medications is frequently mishandled and illegally consumed escalate performance of athletes and also develop physical appearance like muscle building.

At the point when utilized in a well-sustained body, anabolic steroids will cause weight gain to encourage an expansion in muscular tissues.

While anabolic steroids may have positive impacts when taken under the supervision of a physician, they have numerous severe and at times irreversible reactions. These reactions are caused because of the unusually abnormal accumulation of testosterone in the body and may result in hypertension, raised cholesterol levels, liver ailments, cardiovascular illness, skin inflammation, hair loss, and certain behavioral syndrome. The anabolic steroids are available in many different types.

Some copy the activities of testosterone, while others cause the body to create abundance testosterone by meddling with the typical hormone-producing system in the body.

No matter what the purpose of these steroids are, the excessive amount of testosterone-induced in the body always ends up in affecting the normal functioning of cells and organs in the body.

What Are Anabolic Steroids Used For?

Anabolic steroids are usually prescribed to be taken orally or injected in the muscles, especially for individuals whose body does not produce enough testosterone. Medical practitioners also recommend them to individuals who have lost muscle strength due to chronic health conditions like cancer and AIDS. AIDS, and other wellbeing conditions.

Long-Term Effects Of Anabolic Steroids

High doses of anabolic steroids taken for a long time can harm our liver, kidneys, and heart. It can also cause heart failure and swelling of the heart because of extreme fluid retention. These medications can likewise raise the level of LDL cholesterol, which can cause strokes or heart attacks in individuals of any age.


It is safe to say that steroids irrespective of their legalities are never the best answer for growing muscles or keeping the body fit. They can cause many harmful reactions that may compromise the state of our wellbeing in the long haul.

Steroids are drugs that cause strong reactions in the body, and they can cause cataracts or illnesses of bones like osteopenia. Therefore, it is always ideal to concentrate on manageable, sound approaches to build muscles and remain fit.

This will not only prevent any additional physical and mental damage due to the dependence on synthetic chemicals to enhance physical stamina but also allow the cells and organs of our body to function normally.